We see and hear Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers during the spring as they pass through on their way north. Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers winter south of Iowa, returning to nest in northern forests in the US and Canada between mid-April and mid-May. Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers feed on sap, drilling wells in trees and licking the sap that flows out of them. These wells also attract insects, which may be eaten by other birds.
Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers are cavity nesters. The male does most of the work excavating the cavity over about 2 to 3 weeks. No lining is placed within the nest; the eggs are laid on wood chips left over from the excavation. To learn more, visit Cornell’s website.