Decorah, Decorah North. We see and hear Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers during the spring as they pass through on their way north. Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers winter south of Iowa, returning to nest in northern forests in the US and Canada between mid-April and mid-May.
Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers forage in trees. They feed primarily on sap, drilling wells in trees with high sugar concentrations in their sap, and licking the sap that flows out of them. Their sap wells often attract insects, which may be eaten by sapsuckers or other birds. Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers will also eat fruit.
Yellow-bellied Sapsuckers breed from mid-May through Mid-July. Males commonly chose the nest tree and do most of the work excavating the nest cavity. Once he has finished, the female lays 4-6 white eggs on a bed of wood chips left over from the excavation, producing one brood per year. Both parents incubate eggs for 10-13 days and provide parental care. Young stay in the nest for 25-30 days before fledging. To learn more, visit Cornell’s website.
Bird Range Maps of North America
Ridgely, R.S., T.F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D.K. McNicol, D.W. Mehlman, B.E. Young, and J.R. Zook. 2003.
Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 1.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA. Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy – Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International – CABS, World Wildlife Fund – US, and Environment Canada – WILDSPACE.
Web Link: http://bit.ly/2ynPQ5I
The Cornell Lab of Ornithology Birds of North America: https://birdsna.org/Species-Account/bna/species/whbnut/introduction